Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 280525
AFDLMK

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LOUISVILLE KY
125 AM EDT Mon Jul 28 2014

...Updated Aviation Discussion...

.SHORT TERM (Now through Monday Night)...
Issued at 305 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

The synoptic pattern this afternoon features a strong digging trough
across the Midwest and Great Lakes, with an upstream ridge
amplifying across the western CONUS.  This trough will dig into the
Ohio Valley tonight into tomorrow, allowing for drier weather and
much cooler temperatures to filter into the region.

Before the cooler and drier air works in, we must first deal with a
conditional severe weather threat this afternoon into early this
evening across south-central KY.  A volatile airmass has developed
in this region, with MLCAPEs of 3000+ J/kg according to the latest
SPC mesoanalysis.  However, very warm mid-level air has also
advected into this region (700mb temps around 11C) which is putting
the lid on convection thus far.  Latest satellite imagery shows a
boundary pushing into northern KY as of this writing.  This boundary
is only weakly convergent, thus there remains some uncertainty as to
whether additional convection will be able to push through the cap
and develop along it.  Latest hi-res guidance continues to support
development from 21-22Z along this boundary across southern KY, so
think it is too early to let our guard down.  If scattered
convection is able to develop, effective shear of 40-50 knots will
likely support quick supercell development capable of large hail and
damaging winds.  A conditional tornado threat will be possible with
any storm that can develop given the low-level speed shear, but
veered surface flow will limit low-level hodograph length.

The synoptic cold front located well north across central Illinois
will push through overnight, bringing cooler and drier conditions to
the region.  Overnight lows tonight will fall into the low and mid
60s, with falling dewpoints into the lower 60s.

The upper-level trough will dig into the region Monday afternoon.
This cold core aloft may be enough to induce some isolated
sprinkles/light showers over the Northern Bluegrass region of
Kentucky.  Otherwise, it will be a mainly dry day with much cooler
temperatures as highs will struggle to get out of the upper 70s.

Monday night will be mainly clear as a surface ridge builds in from
the northwest.  With generally light winds, it will be an
unseasonably cool night as temperatures dip into the low to mid
50s!  Some of these values may threaten record lows, so stay tuned.

.LONG TERM (Tuesday through Sunday)...
Issued at 250 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

A highly amplified upper level pattern is expected to persist across
North America this week with a deep trough in the east with a
corresponding upper level ridge out in the west. With the Ohio
Valley being under the influence of the upper trough, we will see
much below normal temperatures for the upcoming work week.

The latest deterministic and ensemble guidance is similar to the
previous 27/00Z guidance which leads to increased forecaster
confidence...especially in the Tuesday through Thursday range.
Surface high pressure will drift across the region at the beginning
of the forecast period.  This will lead to dry conditions with
mainly sunny days and mainly clear nights.  Could get very close to
record lows in some spots Tuesday morning.  In addition, we could
also see some record cold highs on Tuesday afternoon as readings
will only warm into the lower-middle 70s.  We still expect a warm up
from Wednesday into Thursday as temperatures look to warm into the
upper 70s to the lower 80s in the north with middle 80s in the
south.  Overnight lows will generally be in the 60s.

By Friday and into the weekend, the multi-model consensus continues
to agree that the upper level trough over the east will deepen
slightly as several vorticity lobes drop and rotate around the base
of the trough.  As this these lobes rotate through, they may induce
a cut off low to develop across the Ohio Valley.  The 12Z
deterministic Euro solution is not as deep as in previous runs.
However, the main story here will be that somewhat unsettled
conditions are expected to be in place from Friday through Sunday.
Overall, it does not look to be a washout, but scattered diurnally
driven convection looks likely.  Highs through this time fame look
to be in the upper 70s to the lower 80s with overnight lows in the
60s.

&&

.AVIATION (06Z TAF Update)...
Issued at 122 AM EDT Mon Jul 28 2014

VFR will be the predominant category through much of this TAF
period, with potentially MVFR at LEX over the next few hours. Winds
are expected to be right around or slightly above 5 knots throughout
the night, despite some decoupling due to much cooler, drier air
advecting in behind the exiting cold front. Just a few passing
clouds can be expected overnight, which, in addition to the CAA,
will allow for plenty of radiational cooling. Bringing this all
together, the reason for the potential of MVFR at LEX is due to
enough surface moisture to allow for a low-level deck to build in
but the winds should stay up just enough to mitigate a more
significant impact. SDF could see some haze by sunrise but isn`t
expected to drop below VFR. BWG did not receive as much rain as the
other two terminals, hindering much more than haze there as well.
However, should the winds settle down over the next couple of hours,
will need to monitor and update as necessary.

For Monday, mostly clear skies will prevail in the morning before a
CU field develops in the afternoon. There is a chance for some light
rain to fall across portions of northern and eastern KY with LEX
having the higher potential of the three terminals, although SDF
can`t rule it out completely. Given the uncertainty, and that the
impacts are expected to remain relatively minimal to aviation
interests, have negated mention in this forecast update.

&&

.LMK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KY...NONE.
IN...NONE.
&&

$$

Short Term........KJD
Long Term.........MJ
Aviation..........lg





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