Area Forecast Discussion
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FXUS63 KLMK 050346

1046 PM EST Wed Mar 4 2015

...Forecast Update...
Issued at 1040 pm EST Wed Mar 4 2015

At 1040 pm...a band of intense snow was setting up from
Breckinridge County through Fort Knox through Frankfort. Snowfall
rates of over one inch per hour will be experienced under this
band as it sags southeast towards Bardstown and Lexington. Heavy
snow continues along and south of the Ohio River. Heavy snow along
the Ohio River will likely continue through at least midnight and
probably longer.

Issued at 940 pm EST Wed Mar 4 2015

Freezing rain and sleet continues along a line along the Cumberland
Parkway. Snow has had a difficult time moving south of a Bowling
Green to Madison County line. Eventually, mixed precipitation will
change over to snow. Sleet accumulations along the Bluegrass Parkway
may exceed 1/2 inch before changing over to snow towards midnight.

Issued at 820 PM EST Wed Mar 4 2015

Will let the areal flood warnings and flood advisories expire. Rain
has changed over to snow across much of the advised area. Main stem
rivers  such as the Kentucky and Green will still rise over the next
several days.

.SHORT TERM (Now through Thursday Night)...
Issued at 301 PM EST Wed Mar 4 2015

...Winter Storm Still on Track Tonight...
...Bitter Cold Friday Morning...

First, though, will likely go ahead and let the Flood Watch expire
on time at 7pm EST/6pm CST.  Only light rainfall amounts are
expected for the rest of the afternoon/evening and any ongoing minor
flooding can be handled with short term products.

Cold air is coming into the region as arctic high pressure enters
the from the northwest.  The rain changed to sleet and then snow
earlier this afternoon north of the Ohio River, with the changeover
continuing to move to the southeast late this afternoon and this
evening.  Frontogenetical forcing, our location near the right
entrance region of the upper jet, deep moisture, significant
isothermal layer and good dendritic growth on soundings, and some
weak low level instability all point to widespread snow tonight.
Snow amounts are never easy to nail down, but in general, after
chatting with neighboring offices, we have remained fairly
consistent with the amounts we`ve been advertising since last night.
There will be some banding with this event, and anyone getting
caught under a band will see strong snowfall rates and, as a result,
higher amounts.  The best chance for heavy banding appears to be
roughly from the northern Blue Grass through the Nolin and Rough
River Lake areas.

We have pulled back a bit on glaze in the south tonight.  In
southern Indiana the changeover has been primarily from rain to
sleet to snow, and model progs in southern Kentucky this evening
support that idea.  Some ice will still be possible, but should be
less than a tenth of an inch.

Low temperatures tonight will generally be in the teens...perhaps
around 20 in the Lake Cumberland region.

On Thursday the storm system will pull off as the arctic high
advances from Iowa to Illinois.  In southern Indiana significant
snow should be done before the sun rises, with snow tapering off
from northwest to southeast during the early and mid morning hours
in Kentucky.  Could see a few lingering flurries into the afternoon
as clouds slowly break up.  With clouds in the sky and snow on the
ground, and northerly surface winds, went cooler than guidance for
highs.  Didn`t goo *too* cool, though, since we could get some
partial March sunshine in the afternoon.  Given this, temps landed
in the lower and middle 20s for highs.

Tomorrow night that high will continue to invade, and will be
centered right over the Ohio River at 12Z.  This will lead to calm
winds and mostly clear skies.  With those factors plus deep fresh
snowcover, went well below guidance for lows, keeping in line with
previous forecasts in the single digits either side of 0. That`s
about 30 degrees colder than normal.

.LONG TERM (Friday through Wednesday)...
Issued at 230 PM EST Wed Mar 4 2015

...Spring-like Temperatures On the Way...

Friday - Saturday...

Sfc high pressure will settle into the region for Friday/Saturday
resulting in dry conditions.  The main forecast challenge will then
be temperatures over the snowpack.  After a potentially record
setting cold Fri morning, temperatures will struggle to reach the
mid to upper 20s Friday afternoon with perhaps some locations over
far south central KY in the Lake Cumberland region reaching lower
30s.  If the Lake Cumberland region receives a thicker snowfall,
they may not make it out of the upper 20s Fri afternoon either.

Friday night into Saturday, temperatures look to moderate some as
troughing/NW flow flattens over the Ohio Valley.  Expect low temps
Sat to range between 10-17 degrees and highs on Sat afternoon to
rise above freezing into the mid and upper 30s with some locations
potentially reaching 40 degrees.

Although sunshine on Friday should help melt snow off of dark
surfaces like pavement, Saturday should be a better melting day area
wide as temps rise above freezing.

Sunday - Wednesday...

The GFS tries to bring a very small amount of precip into our area
from a disturbance passing to our north on Sunday, but moisture
profiles seem too shallow for precipitation.  Thus, will continue
with increased clouds and no POPs.

The bigger story for next week is a big warm up for the Ohio Valley
taking temperatures back to around normal.  The upper level pattern
will flatten over the CONUS early next week helping temps to
moderate over our region as thicknesses steadily rise.  In addition
a more active southern stream should help push warm air into the
Ohio Valley starting Tues.  Some rain chances look to occur in the
Tues-Thurs time frame next week although models are in disagreement
as to when and how much rain we will receive mid week next week.
Therefore will continue 20% POPs in that time frame.  One thing that
long range models are in agreement with is high temperatures
reaching the 50s and perhaps low 60s Tues-Thurs next week!


.AVIATION (06Z TAF Update)...
Issued at 620 PM EST Wed Mar 4 2015

Complex winter system moving through the Ohio Valley tonight into
early tomorrow which will continue to bring flight conditions as low

Already got observations of 1/4sm in +SN.  Think that moderate to at
times heavy snow will continue through 10Z.  Snow should lighten
after 10Z with flight conditions improving to MVFR.  Snow should end
around 13Z at SDF with MVFR cigs continuing through much of the
daylight hours tomorrow.

Have had reports of -SNPL in the Lexington area so expected LEX to
be in the transition zone for the next hour or so before becoming
predominantly moderate snow.  Think that moderate to at times heavy
snow will occur between 1Z to 12Z.  Snow should lighten after 12Z
with flight conditions improving to MVFR.  Snow should end around
15Z at LEX with MVFR cigs continuing through much of the daylight
hours tomorrow.

Believe precip will change from -RA to -SNPL very soon in the
Bowling Green area so will start the TAF with a mix.  Expected BWG
to be in the transition zone through 2Z or so before becoming
predominantly moderate snow.  Think that moderate snow will occur
between 4Z to 11Z.  Snow should lighten after 11Z with flight
conditions improving to MVFR.  Snow should end around 14Z at BWG
with MVFR cigs continuing through much of the daylight hours

Winds will be out of the north through the period between 5-10 knots.






Short Term.....13
Long Term......AMS
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