Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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725
FXUS61 KPHI 050237
AFDPHI

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MOUNT HOLLY NJ
937 PM EST THU FEB 4 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE WILL TRACK ALONG AN OFFSHORE FRONT TONIGHT
AND FRIDAY MORNING BEFORE MOVING NORTHEAST OF OUR AREA. HIGH
PRESSURE GRADUALLY BUILDS INTO OUR REGION LATE FRIDAY AND SATURDAY,
THEN A WEAK COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY. A STRONG OCEAN
STORM SHOULD TRACK WELL OFFSHORE LATER SUNDAY INTO MONDAY, THEN
ANOTHER STORM LOOKS TO REDEVELOP OFF OF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST LATER
MONDAY AND TUESDAY BEFORE MOVING OUT TO SEA WEDNESDAY INTO
THURSDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM FRIDAY MORNING/...
A WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY IS IN EFFECT FOR MUCH OF OUR FORECAST AREA
FOR LATE TONIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY MORNING.

THE LOW HAS ALREADY BEGUN TO INTENSIFY ALONG THE NOW STATIONARY
FRONT AND SHOULD CONTINUE TO LIFT NORTHEAST OVERNIGHT. FEW CHANGES
TO THE FORECAST WITH THE EVENING UPDATE. HIGH RESOLUTION MODELS
INCLUDING THE HRRR AND RAP HAVE TRENDED SNOWIER WITH THE LATEST
RUNS. HOWEVER, I HESITATE TO CHANGE THE SNOW AMOUNTS AS MANY
LOCATIONS STILL HAVE DEW POINT TEMPERATURES WELL ABOVE 32 DEGREES,
MEANING WE`RE STILL SEVERAL HOURS AWAY FROM THE CHANGE OVER TO ALL
SNOW. THUS FOR NOW, WILL CONTINUE WITH THE SNOW AMOUNTS AND WINTER
WEATHER ADVISORY CONFIGURATION FROM THE 4 PM UPDATE, BUT WILL BE
WATCHING THE TIMING OF THE CHANGE OVER VERY CLOSELY.

TIMING...RAIN CONTINUES OVER THE COASTAL PLAINS AND HAS BEGUN TO
MOVE INTO THE DELAWARE VALLEY. EXPECT THAT IT SHOULD MOVE WEST
THROUGH THE OVER NIGHT HOURS REACHING THE LEHIGH VALLEY DURING THE
EARLY MORNING HOURS. THE TIMING OF THE SNOW LOOKS LIKE IT WILL
IMPACT PART, IF NOT ALL, OF THE MORNING COMMUTE AND THAT IS WHY WE
HAVE INCLUDED AREAS TO THE WEST OF PHILADELPHIA. IT CERTAINLY
LOOKS LIKE IT COULD BE A SLOPPY AND SLIPPERY MORNING COMMUTE
ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA.

SNOW/RAIN...SNOW SEEMS LIKELY ACROSS THE REGION ALTHOUGH WITH
TEMPERATURES STILL HANGING OUT IN THE 40S LATE THIS EVENING,
PRECIPITATION WILL CONTINUE AS ALL RAIN THROUGH AT LEAST MIDNIGHT,
AND THEN TRANSITION OVER TO A RAIN/SNOW MIX AND THEN ALL SNOW
DURING THE VERY EARLY MORNING HOURS (AT THIS POINT EXPECT THE
TRANSITION TO ALL SNOW TO BE BETWEEN 2 AND 6 AM DEPENDING ON HOW
MUCH DEW POINTS FALL). AS THE PRECIPITATION FALLS, IT WILL START
TO COOL THE COLUMN. THE BIG QUESTION WILL BE JUST HOW FAST THAT
COLUMN COOLS. PRECIPITATION INTENSITY WILL DEFINITELY PLAY A ROLE
AND AS WE SEE SOME HEAVIER PRECIPITATION FALL, THE COLUMN WILL
COOL FASTER AND WE SHOULD SEE A QUICK CHANGEOVER FROM RAIN TO
SNOW. THE BEST VERTICAL MOTION APPEARS TO OCCUR DURING THE
OVERNIGHT/EARLY MORNING PERIOD AND THIS WOULD LEND TO HIGHER
CONFIDENCE OF AN ACCUMULATING SNOW. WHILE THE GROUND TEMPS MAY BE
FAIRLY WARM RIGHT NOW, INCREASED PRECIPITATION INTENSITY WILL
ALLOW FOR ALL SURFACES TO ACCUMULATE, EVEN PAVED ROADS.

AMOUNTS WILL VARY WITH LESSER AMOUNTS AS YOU MOVE FURTHER INLAND AND
HIGHEST AMOUNTS MORE TOWARDS THE COAST. THERE STILL REMAINS SOME
UNCERTAINTY WITH RESPECT TO SNOWFALL AMOUNTS AS SOME OF THE GUIDANCE
HINTS AT HIGHER TOTALS (THAN CURRENTLY FORECAST) IN EASTERN NEW
JERSEY. CONFIDENCE IS NOT HIGH ENOUGH AT THIS TIME TO ISSUE A
WARNING BUT WILL NEED TO MONITOR AS THE SYSTEM DEVELOPS FURTHER.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM FRIDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM FRIDAY/...
SNOW WILL GRADUALLY BE ENDING THROUGH FRIDAY MORNING FROM WEST TO
EAST AS THE LOW PRESSURE PULLS FURTHER AWAY FROM OUR AREA. MOST
AREAS SHOULD SEE SNOW ENDING BY 10AM WITH SOME OF THE COASTAL
LOCATIONS POSSIBLY SEEING SOME FLAKES THROUGH AROUND NOON.

HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD TOWARDS OUR AREA FROM THE SOUTHEAST AND WE
EXPECT THE AREA TO DRY OUT AND REMAIN THAT WAY AS WE HEAD INTO THE
WEEKEND.

&&

.LONG TERM /FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
SUMMARY...AN ACTIVE PATTERN WITH AN OCEAN STORM LATE SUNDAY INTO
MONDAY WHICH SHOULD SLIDE WELL OFFSHORE, THEN QUICKLY ON ITS HEELS
IS THE POTENTIAL FOR LOW PRESSURE TO REDEVELOP OFF THE MID ATLANTIC
COAST MONDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY AS COLDER AIR ARRIVES.

THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP INVOLVES A TROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT THAT
CONTINUES TO SHIFT TO OUR EAST. A MORE COMPLEX PATTERN THEN EVOLVES
WITH A CLOSED LOW IN CANADA WITH ANOTHER PIECE OF ENERGY IN THE
SOUTHERN STATES SATURDAY. THE LATTER SHOULD ALLOW A STORM TO DEVELOP
OVER THE WEEKEND OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST WHICH THEN DEEPENS RAPIDLY,
HOWEVER THE ORIENTATION OF THE TROUGH LOOKS TO BE SUCH TO KEEP IT
OFFSHORE AS IT TURNS NORTHEASTWARD. AN IMPRESSIVE TROUGH THEN IN THE
PLAINS MOVES EASTWARD EARLY NEXT WEEK AND THIS SHOULD ALLOW FOR SOME
SORT OF REDEVELOPMENT OF LOW PRESSURE OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST
LATE MONDAY AND TUESDAY. THIS SYSTEM MAY BE ONE TO WATCH GIVEN SUCH
A DEEP INCOMING TROUGH THAT COULD CLOSE OFF INTO THE MID ATLANTIC
REGION. HOWEVER, THE INTERACTION WITH THE INITIAL OCEAN STORM COULD
VERY WELL INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS SECOND STORM. WE USED A
MODEL BLEND WITH CONTINUITY FOR FRIDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY, THEN
BLENDED IN MOSTLY THE 12Z WPC GUIDANCE THEREAFTER. SOME ADJUSTMENTS
WERE THEN MADE FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL COLLABORATION WITH OUR
NEIGHBORING OFFICES.

FOR FRIDAY NIGHT...THE UPPER-LEVEL FLOW BACKS MORE TO THE SOUTHWEST
AHEAD OF THE NEXT UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH THAT BEGINS TO SLIDE NEAR THE
GREAT LAKES. THIS ALLOWS HIGH PRESSURE TO BUILD INTO OUR AREA, WHICH
WILL RELAX THE PRESSURE GRADIENT. THERE SHOULD BE DECENT RADIATIONAL
COOLING COMBINED WITH LOW DEW POINTS, THEREFORE A COLD NIGHT IS
ANTICIPATED.

FOR SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN BRIEFLY
SATURDAY BEFORE WEAKENING INTO SUNDAY. OUR REGION LOOKS TO END UP
BETWEEN SYSTEMS DURING THE WEEKEND AS A MAIN TROUGH SWINGS ACROSS
NEW ENGLAND AND ANOTHER ONE CLOSES OFF ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST STATES.
THE LATTER SHOULD DRIVE SURFACE LOW DEVELOPMENT OFF OF THE SOUTHEAST
COAST DURING SUNDAY WHICH THEN SHOULD GO OUT TO SEA AS IT RAPIDLY
INTENSIFIES, ALTHOUGH IT MAY TOSS AT LEAST SOME CLOUDINESS OUR WAY.
THE NORTHERN SYSTEM SHOULD SEND A COLD FRONT INTO OUR AREA LATER
SUNDAY, HOWEVER THIS FEATURE LOOKS WEAK AND MOISTURE STARVED. AS A
RESULT, WE KEPT THE FORECAST DRY ATTM.

FOR MONDAY AND TUESDAY...THE PATTERN IS FORECAST TO UNDERGO
SIGNIFICANT AMPLIFICATION AS A ROBUST TROUGH MOVES ACROSS THE PLAINS
AND INTO THE EAST DURING THIS TIME FRAME. THIS LOOKS TO RESULT IN
LOW PRESSURE INTO THE GREAT LAKES, HOWEVER THEN HANDING OFF ENERGY
EASTWARD THAT REDEVELOPS LOW PRESSURE OFF OF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST
LATE MONDAY AND TUESDAY. THE REDEVELOPMENT/TRACK OF THIS STORM MAY
DEPEND ON THE ACTUAL TRACK AND INTENSITY OF THE PREVIOUS ONE WHICH
IS MORE OFFSHORE. IN ADDITION, THERE COULD BE A SURFACE TROUGH THAT
EXTENDS ACROSS PORTIONS OF OUR AREA TUESDAY WHERE LIFT IS ENHANCED,
HOWEVER THIS WILL DEPEND ON THE LOCATION OF THE SURFACE LOW
REDEVELOPMENT. THIS HAS THE POTENTIAL TO BECOME A DECENT COASTAL
STORM WITH COLD AIR COMING INTO PLAY. WHILE THERE IS A SIGNAL IN THE
GUIDANCE REGARDING A STORM, THE TRACK AND INTENSITY IS LESS CERTAIN
AND THAT WILL DETERMINE THE ACTUAL DETAILS /IF ANY/ FOR OUR AREA
WHICH INCLUDES RAIN, SNOW, WIND AND COASTAL IMPACTS. GIVEN THE
VARIABILITY IN THE MODEL GUIDANCE, NO MAJOR CHANGES WERE MADE TO
THIS TIME FRAME.

FOR WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY...A STRONG UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH IS FORECAST
TO BE IN THE EAST, BASICALLY MOVING OVER OUR AREA. THIS WOULD TAKE
ANY COASTAL STORM OFF TO OUR NORTHEAST WEDNESDAY ALLOWING FOR
GENERALLY IMPROVING CONDITIONS. AN ARCTIC FRONT OF SORTS MAY SLIDE
ACROSS OUR AREA DURING WEDNESDAY, HOWEVER CYCLONIC FLOW WILL RESULT
IN SOME CLOUDS AND COLDER AIR WITH POSSIBLY EVEN SOME SNOW SHOWERS.
HIGH PRESSURE BEGINS TO ARRIVE DURING THURSDAY FROM THE WEST.

&&

.AVIATION /03Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
THE FOLLOWING DISCUSSION IS FOR KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG,
KILG, KMIV, KACY AND SURROUNDING AREAS.

OCCASIONAL RAIN WILL CONTINUE AT THE DELAWARE VALLEY SITES (KPHL,
KPNE, KTTN, AND KILG) AND THE COASTAL PLAIN SITES (KMIV AND KACY)
THROUGH THE REST OF THE EVENING. PRECIPITATION SHOULD MOVE INTO
KRDG AND KABE AFTER MIDNIGHT. TIMING OF THE CHANGE OVER TO A RAIN
AND SNOW MIX AND EVENTUALLY ALL SNOW IS UNCERTAIN, BUT AT THIS
POINT, EXPECT TO SEE THE MIX BEGIN BETWEEN 04 AND 06Z, AND THE
CHANGE TO ALL SNOW HAPPEN BETWEEN 06 AND 10Z. GIVEN HOW LATE THE
PRECIPITATION WILL BEGIN AT KRDG AND KABE, IT MAY BEGIN AND STAY
ALL SNOW. GENERALLY EXPECTING THE LOWEST VISIBILITIES AND CEILINGS
TO BE COINCIDENT WITH THE PERIOD OF ALL SNOW.

FRIDAY...IMPROVEMENT TO VFR BY 15Z ACROSS THE TERMINALS, EXCEPT
FOR KACY AND KMIV WHICH MAY REMAIN MVFR THROUGH 18Z. PRECIPITATION
SHOULD END EARLY WITH SNOW MOVING TO THE EAST THROUGH MID-MORNING.
EXPECT VFR CONDITIONS TO PREVAIL ACROSS THE REGION BY EARLY
AFTERNOON. WINDS WILL STRENGTHEN OUT OF THE NORTHWEST AROUND 15 TO
20 KNOTS SUSTAINED WITH GUSTS UP NEAR 30 KNOTS POSSIBLE THROUGH
THE AFTERNOON.

OUTLOOK...
FRIDAY NIGHT...VFR. LIGHT NORTHWEST TO WEST WINDS.

SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...VFR OVERALL WITH SOME INCREASE IN CLOUDS
POSSIBLE, WITH A WEAK COLD FRONT MOVING THROUGH LATER SUNDAY.
SOUTHWEST WINDS SATURDAY LESS THAN 10 KNOTS, BECOMING NORTHERLY
SUNDAY.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY...THE CEILINGS SHOULD LOWER AS LOW PRESSURE
REDEVELOPS OFF OF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST. THIS COULD BRING A PERIOD
OF RAIN/SNOW TO THE AREA WHICH WOULD REDUCE THE VISIBILITY. THERE IS
LESS CONFIDENCE THOUGH WITH THIS STORM AS ITS EFFECTS WILL BE
DETERMINED BY THE TRACK AND INTENSITY.

&&

.MARINE...
A GALE WARNING HAS BEEN ISSUED FOR THE COASTAL WATERS AND A SCA HAS
BEEN ISSUED FOR THE DELAWARE BAY. GALE GUSTS ARE LIKELY OVER THE
OCEAN WATERS FROM THE PRE DAWN HOURS THROUGH EARLY AFTERNOON. GUSTS
ABOVE 25 KT ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE DELAWARE BAY. A FEW GUSTS NEAR
GALE FORCE MAY BE POSSIBLE AT THE MOUTH OF THE BAY. WINDS ARE
EXPECTED TO SLOWLY SUBSIDE THROUGH LATE AFTERNOON, THOUGH SCA
CONDITIONS ON THE COASTAL WATERS ARE LIKELY THROUGH MUCH OF THE DAY
TIME HOURS.

OUTLOOK...
FRIDAY NIGHT...THE CONDITIONS ARE ANTICIPATED TO LOWER BELOW SMALL
CRAFT ADVISORY CRITERIA DURING THE EVENING AS HIGH PRESSURE BEGINS
TO BUILD IN.

SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...THE CONDITIONS SHOULD BE BELOW SMALL CRAFT
ADVISORY CONDITIONS FOR MUCH OF THIS TIME AS HIGH PRESSURE WEAKENS
IN PLACE. HOWEVER, A POTENTIALLY STRONG OCEAN STORM TO OUR SOUTHEAST
LATER SUNDAY COULD BE CLOSE ENOUGH TO ALLOW SEAS TO BUILD AND WINDS
TO INCREASE TO ADVISORY LEVELS SUNDAY NIGHT.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY...AN OFFSHORE STORM TRACKS WELL EAST OF OUR
WATERS INTO MONDAY, WHICH COULD ENHANCE SEAS AND WIND GUSTS. ANOTHER
COASTAL STORM MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY COULD RESULT IN GALE
FORCE WINDS GUSTS, HOWEVER THIS WILL DEPEND ON THE TRACK AND
INTENSITY OF THE STORM WHICH CURRENTLY HAS LOWER CONFIDENCE.

&&

.PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
PA...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 10 AM EST FRIDAY FOR
     PAZ070-071-101>106.
NJ...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 10 AM EST FRIDAY FOR
     NJZ008>010-012-015>019.
     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO NOON EST FRIDAY FOR
     NJZ013-014-020>027.
DE...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 10 AM EST FRIDAY FOR
     DEZ001.
     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO NOON EST FRIDAY FOR
     DEZ002>004.
MD...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 10 AM EST FRIDAY FOR
     MDZ008-012.
     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO NOON EST FRIDAY FOR
     MDZ015-019-020.
MARINE...GALE WARNING FROM 4 AM TO 1 PM EST FRIDAY FOR ANZ450>455.
     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 4 PM EST FRIDAY FOR ANZ430-
     431.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...GORSE
NEAR TERM...JOHNSON/MEOLA
SHORT TERM...MEOLA
LONG TERM...GORSE
AVIATION...GORSE/JOHNSON/MEOLA
MARINE...GORSE/JOHNSON



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