Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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000
FXUS61 KPHI 200240
AFDPHI

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MOUNT HOLLY NJ
940 PM EST FRI DEC 19 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
HIGH PRESSURE JUST NORTH OF LAKE HURON WILL GRADUALLY MOVE
EASTWARD INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND THRU MONDAY. A WAVE OF LOW
PRESSURE WILL FORM ALONG THE MID-ATLANTIC COASTLINE ON MONDAY AND
MOVE NORTHEASTWARD JUST OFFSHORE ON TUESDAY. A STRONG AREA OF
LOW PRESSURE WILL THEN FORM OVER THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AND MOVE
THRU THE GREAT LAKES REGION DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE
WEEK, BRINGING A STRONG COLD FRONT THRU THE REGION BY THURSDAY.
HIGH PRESSURE IS PROJECTED TO BUILD IN ON FRIDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SATURDAY MORNING/...
LOW CLOUDS STILL WORKING THEIR WAY SOUTHWARD DEEPER INTO OUR CWA.
IT DOES FEEL LIKE WE ARE STUCK IN THE STRATOCUMULUS VERSION OF
GROUND HOG DAY. OVERNIGHT THERE IS A LOW LEVEL VORT MAX THAT IS
KEEPING THE LOW CLOUDS PERPETUATING AND JUST ENOUGH OF AN
INVERSION TO GIVE THEM A COMFORT LEVEL. IT LOOKS TO TAKE MOST OF
THE OVERNIGHT FOR THIS TO FEATURE TO CLEAR. LATER AT NIGHT SOME OF
THE CIRRUS FROM THE ONCE FORMIDABLE LOOKING SOUTHERN STREAM SYSTEM
WILL ALSO REACH OUR CWA.

OUR ADJUSTMENT WAS TO INCREASE CLOUD COVERAGE, ESP NORTH AND BUMP
UP MIN TEMPS THERE. IN THE SOUTHERN HALF OF OUR CWA, THE SHORT
WAVE TRAJ BYPASSES IT, SO WE WENT WITH A PTLY CLDY NIGHT. WINDS
ARE LIGHT ENOUGH THAT WE KEPT RADIATING MINS IN THE NJ PINE
BARRENS AND INTERIOR DELMARVA. THERE WILL BE SOME FROST SCRAPING
COME SATURDAY MORNING IN THOSE AREAS.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM SATURDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/...
FOR SATURDAY...HIGH PRES CENTERED OVER CANADA SHIFTS EWD FROM
ONTARIO INTO QUEBEC. A RIDGE AXIS IS FCST TO EXTEND SWD THROUGH THE
MID-ATLANTIC REGION RESULTING IN ONLY LIGHT NLY WINDS. SOME LOW-LVL
MOISTURE SHOULD REMAIN TRAPPED BELOW THE LARGE-SCALE SUBSIDENCE
INVERSION BUT HARD TO SAY HOW EXTENSIVE ANY LOW CLOUDS MAY BE. THE
12-KM NAM SHOWS A THIN LOW CLOUD LAYER DEVELOPING DURG THE DAY BUT
HIGHER-RES ARW/NMM AND THE GFS DO NOT. THERE WILL BE SOME HIGHER
CLOUDS ALSO ASSOCD WITH THE SHRTWV NOW MOVING ENEWD OUT OF THE SRN
PLAINS...HWVR POPS REMAIN NEAR ZERO.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
HIGHLIGHTS...

* SLIGHT CHANCE OF SNOW SHOWERS SUNDAY MORNING MAINLY NORTH.
* SNOW POSSIBLE NORTHWEST OF THE I-95 CORRIDOR LATE MONDAY
  THRU EARLY TUESDAY.
* POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAIN INCREASING ON CHRISTMAS EVE DAY.

OVERVIEW...

MID-LEVEL BLOCKING PATTERN OVER NOAM BEGINS TO DISLODGE IN RESPONSE
JET ENERGY MOVING INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST THIS WEEKEND...CARVING
OUT A DEEP TROUGH OVER THE MS VALLEY EARLY EARLY NEXT WEEK...WHICH
LEADS TO INCLEMENT WEATHER IN THE TUESDAY THRU WEDNESDAY TIME FRAME.

DETAILS...

SUNDAY...
SHORTWAVE LIFTING THROUGH THE REGION EARLY IN THE DAY MAY GENERATE
ENOUGH LIFT ALONG WITH MARGINAL MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE
SOME LIGHT SNOW SHOWERS...MAINLY DURING THE PRE-DAWN HOURS. LITTLE
IF ANY ACCUMULATION EXPECTED AS MOISTURE IS VERY LIMITED. RIDGING
THEN BUILDS IN SO FAIR WEATHER IS EXPECTED THE REMAINDER OF THE DAY.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY...
HIGH PRESSURE ANCHORS ALONG THE LEE OF THE APPALACHIANS. A SOUTHERN
STREAM SHORTWAVE WILL INDUCE LOW-PRESSURE OF THE MID-ATLANTIC COAST.
MODELS BRING QPF NORTHWARD INTO THE AREA ON MONDAY NIGHT INTO EARLY
TUESDAY. THERMAL PROFILES ARE COLD ENOUGH FOR SNOW TO THE NORTHWEST
OF THE I-95 CORRIDOR...BUT THE BEST LIFT IS FOCUSED JUST SOUTHEAST
OF THIS AREA...AND THE SYSTEM COULD TRACK FURTHER TO THE SOUTH PER
12Z UKMET MODEL. STILL A LOT OF UNCERTAINTY WITH ULTIMATE TRACK.

WEDNESDAY...
A MID-LEVEL RIDGE WILL MOVE THROUGH THE REGION TUESDAY NIGHT INTO
EARLY WEDNESDAY LEADING TO A BRIEF RESPITE BETWEEN WEATHER SYSTEMS.
THEN A MID-LEVEL TROUGH IS PROJECTED TO BECOME NEGATIVELY TILTED
OVER THE OHIO VALLEY ON WED...LEADING TO A MERIDIONAL FLOW ALONG
THE EAST COAST...WITH THE ENTIRE COLUMN EXPECTED TO BE WELL ABOVE
FREEZING ACROSS THE CWA FAVORING A RAIN EVENT. THERE ARE SEVERAL
INGREDIENTS COMING TOGETHER FOR HEAVY RAIN. IN PARTICULAR...DEEP
GULF MOISTURE...LOW-LEVEL ISENTROPIC LIFT...MID-LEVEL PVA...AND
THE RIGHT-REAR QUADRANT OF A 140 KNOT UPPER-LEVEL JET JUST NORTH.
THE SYSTEM SHOULD BE FAIRLY PROGRESSIVE BUT WILL HAVE TO MONITOR
POTENTIAL FOR FLOODING.

THU AND FRI...
LOW-PRESSURE MOVES NORTHWARD INTO QUEBEC AND HIGH-PRESSURE BEGINS
TO BUILD IN. TEMPERATURES WILL RETURN TO SEASONABLE LEVELS AND
THERE COULD BE SNOW SHOWERS IN THE BLUSTERY NORTHWEST FLOW.

&&

.AVIATION /03Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
THE FOLLOWING DISCUSSION IS FOR KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG,
KMIV, KACY AND SURROUNDING AREAS.

THE 00Z TAFS TAKE CIGS DOWN TO MVFR LEVELS TONIGHT FROM THE KPHL
AREA AIRPORTS NORTHWESTWARD WITH IMPROVEMENT ON SATURDAY. ITS BEEN
TOUGH TO SHAKE THIS STRATOCU LEVEL CLOUDINESS PATTERN.

FOR TONIGHT. LOW CLOUDS ADVANCING IN FROM THE HIGHER TERRAIN
AIRPORTS ARE STILL HEADING INTO THE TERMINALS. WE BRING MVFR CIG
POTENTIAL FROM THE GET GO AT KABE AND KRDG (HIER CONFIDENCE
OVERNIGHT) AND BRING IT DOWN TO THE KPHL METRO AIRPORTS AFTER 05Z.
WE LEAVE KACY AND KMIV VFR. WINDS WILL BE LIGHT FROM THE
NORTHWEST. NO VSBY RESTRICTIONS EXPECTED.

ON SATURDAY, PREDICTING THE MVFR CIG TO BECOME SCATTERED DURING
THE MORNING FROM THE KPHL METRO AIRPORTS NWWD WITH A CIRRUS CIG
ABOVE. KACY AND KMIV NOT EXPECTING A MVFR CIG. IT WILL BE A WEAK
PRESSURE PATTERN AND WINDS WILL BE LIGHT. A NORTHERLY DIRECTION
IS FAVORED, BUT SPEEDS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN BELOW 10 KNOTS,
PROBABLY PREDOMINATELY LESS THAN 6 KNOTS AT SOME OF THE MORE
RURAL AIRPORTS AND TERMINALS.

OUTLOOK...
SATURDAY NIGHT AND SUNDAY...VFR CONDITIONS EXPECTED.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY...IFR POSSIBLE IN SHRA AND SHSN.
WEDNESDAY...IFR POSSIBLE IN RAIN AND FOG.

&&

.MARINE...
SUB-SCA CONDS ARE EXPECTED FOR THE NEXT 24 HOURS AT LEAST. SMWHT
GUST NW WINDS THIS EVENING WILL GRADUALLY DIMINISH TONIGHT THROUGH
SATURDAY AS A RIDGE OF HIGH PRES MOVES OVERHEAD. SEAS ARE
CURRENTLY RUNNING 2 TO 3 FT BUT THEY SHOULD GRADUALLY DIMINISH
ALSO.

OUTLOOK...
SUNDAY AND MONDAY...SUB-SCA CONDITIONS EXPECTED.
TUESDAY...SCA MAY BE NEEDED FOR BUILDING SEAS.
WEDNESDAY...GALE WARNING MAY BE NEEDED.

&&

.PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
PA...NONE.
NJ...NONE.
DE...NONE.
MD...NONE.
MARINE...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...FRANCK
NEAR TERM...GIGI
SHORT TERM...AMC
LONG TERM...FRANCK
AVIATION...FRANCK/GIGI
MARINE...AMC/FRANCK






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