Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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551
FXUS61 KPHI 220207
AFDPHI

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ
907 PM EST Tue Feb 21 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure will remain anchored just off the eastern seaboard
through midweek. A cold front approaching from the northwest will
likely dissipate as it moves into the region late Thursday. Low
pressure organizing over the Southern Great Plains is forecast to
strengthen while it tracks northeastward across the Midwest and
Great Lakes region late in the week. Meanwhile, a warm front ahead
of this low will lift northward through the Mid Atlantic on Friday.
This system is expected to bring a strong cold front through the
area on Saturday. High pressure builds in from the west late in the
weekend before eventually moving offshore early next week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING/...
An active upper air pattern, which features a trough well north of
the Great Lakes through tonight that weakens some. This has surface
low pressure with it and a cold front that extends southward. A
closed low is gradually moving across the Gulf Coast states and
northern Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile, a narrow but high amplitude
ridge axis is centered along the East Coast and this will
weaken some as it shifts eastward through tonight.

The weak high pressure to the east will keep a weak warm
advection pattern across the region tonight. Clouds will
prevail, but little if any precip is expected. Any sprinkles
that do occur later on will be limited to nrn most NJ and the
highest elevations of the srn Poconos. We have kept slgt chc
pops for the overnight in these areas. Temperatures are mostly
on track and mild for late february. The overnight lows will
remain mostly as earlier fcst with mid/upper 30s north and low
40s over Delmarva and srn NJ. Winds will remain light mostly
from the S.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM WEDNESDAY/...
The upper-level flow will be more zonal Wednesday in response to
energy amplifying across the West, and a strong closed low near the
northeastern Gulf of Mexico. This flow regime will drive weak low
pressure up across the Midwest and upper Great Lakes region, pulling
a developing warm front to our northwest by the end of the day. This
setup will feature warm air advection, which will be aided by the
low-level flow becoming more southwesterly. The more notable warm
air advection is forecast to be from the Ohio Valley on westward.

Backing up a bit, a weakening short wave traversing the area in the
morning may produce a few showers (mainly north) and sprinkles.
Given the warming aloft and not a lot of mixing, cloud cover may
hold in through about Midday before some clearing occurs. The amount
of cloud cover will have an impact on the afternoon temperatures,
however boundary layer warmth may start to win out again and
therefore went with some of the warmer guidance (close to
continuity). Despite it turning warmer once again, it looks like
highs should fall short of records.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY/...
High pressure will remain anchored off the Mid-Atlantic coast
through the remainder of the week. Broad south to southwesterly
return flow around the high result in unseasonably warm temperatures
through Saturday. The persistent cold bias that has been noted with
the model guidance during this warm spell was taken into account
when populating forecast high temperature grids through Saturday.
Temperatures will be close to early May climo (60s north/low 70s
south) on Thursday and Friday and for mid April climo (upper 50s in
the Poconos, 60s elsewhere) on Saturday. We will continue to
highlight daily record highs for Thursday and Friday in the climate
section below. Forecast confidence for temperatures trends lower on
Friday with the potential for a warm front to get hung up across our
far northern zones. Also, a fair amount of mid- and high-level
moisture advected around the backside of the high signals the
possibility that our temperatures may wind up being too warm (by
several degrees) in a few spots that see more persistent cloud
cover, especially on Friday and Saturday.

The region should remain dry Wednesday night and Thursday morning.
An isolated shower is possible over inland areas Thursday afternoon
with a decaying cold front that arrives from the northwest. Low
chance PoPs were advertised for Thursday night with a warm front
lifting through the region. A low risk for showers persist into
Friday over northeastern PA and northwestern NJ to take into account
the possibility of the warm front getting temporarily hung up across
our far northern zones on Friday. Precip amounts will be very light.

Low pressure over Plains is forecast to deepen as it tracks to the
northeast across the Midwest late in the work week. The low will
then lift north of the Great Lakes region on Saturday. A strong cold
front with this system looks to move through the forecast area on
Saturday. Chances for showers ahead of the front increase Friday
night into Saturday. PoPs are highest (70 percent) Saturday
afternoon and early evening in concert with the fropa. A slight
chance (chance in the coastal plain) for thunderstorms continues to
be included in the forecast for Saturday afternoon.

A much colder and drier airmass will move in behind the front
Saturday night-Sunday. Forecast highs on Sunday are 20 degrees
colder than Saturday but they will still be near or even a few
degrees above normal.

Mainly dry weather looks to continue into early next week. However,
a weak disturbance may move through Monday, which could result in
isolated showers (cold enough for snow showers across the higher
terrain in northeastern PA and northwestern NJ. Slightly above
normal temperatures are forecast for Monday and Tuesday.

&&

.AVIATION /02Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG,
KILG, KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas.

Tonight...VFR overall. Ceilings should lower to 8000-10000 feet,
however there is a chance for MVFR ceilings developing toward
daybreak from near ABE on northward. Some showers are possible after
08z mainly near and north of a line from ABE to TTN. Southerly winds
5 knots or less, or locally light and variable.

Wednesday...Local MVFR ceilings possible to start mainly from ABE
northward, otherwise VFR ceilings. A few showers or sprinkles may be
around mainly in the morning. Southwest winds 5-10 knots.

OUTLOOK...
Wednesday night and Thursday early morning...Mainly VFR in the
evening. Areas of fog may result in IFR conditions during the
overnight and early morning hours.

Thursday late morning and afternoon...VFR. SW winds gusting to
20 kt during peak heating.

Thursday night and Friday...Mainly VFR but there is a potential
for MVFR or IFR late Thursday night with fog/low clouds and
light showers. The best chance for flight restrictions due to
weather would be at northern terminals (along and north of a
warm front).

Friday night and Saturday...Increasing chances for showers
along with MVFR/IFR conditions during the period. The potential
for heavier showers and embedded thunderstorms exist Saturday
afternoon ahead of a cold front.

Saturday night and Sunday...Becoming VFR from west to east in
wake of fropa Saturday evening. Gusty W-NW winds expected as
well.

&&

.MARINE...
The conditions are expected to remain below Small Craft Advisory
criteria through Wednesday. High pressure will continue to shift
offshore through tonight into Wednesday. This will allow the surface
flow to turn from southeast to south and southwest tonight and
Wednesday. Some slight enhancement may occur into this evening up
Delaware Bay within the southeast flow.

OUTLOOK...
Wednesday night through Saturday...SW winds 10-20 kt but with
very stable thermal profiles and limited mixing weak lapse
rates, higher gusts to SCA levels are not expected. Potential
for areas of dense fog over the waters with dewpoints increasing
well into the 40s and even lower 50s. Tstms possible late
Saturday ahead of a cold front

Saturday night and Sunday...NW winds increase behind a cold
front. High likelihood of a SCA. There is also a chance for
gales with gusts possibly exceeding 30 kt. Seas look to build
to 4-7 feet in our coastal waters.

&&

.CLIMATE...
High temperature records for Wednesday-Friday. Although most of
these records will probably remain intact, the greatest
potential to break a few of these records will be on Thursday.

Wednesday 2/22    Thursday 2/23   Friday 2/24

ACY 68-1991       72-1985         75-1985

PHL 68-1997/1974  75-1874         74-1985

ILG 69-1997/1974  72-1985         78-1985

ABE 68-1974       71-1985         76-1985

TTN 66-1997       74-1874         74-1985

GED 72-1997       67-1985/1990    72-1961

RDG 70-1974       72/1932/1922    77-1985

MPO 56-1997       60-1977         60-1984

&&

.PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
PA...None.
NJ...None.
DE...None.
MD...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$
Synopsis...Klein
Near Term...Gorse/PO
Short Term...Gorse
Long Term...Klein
Aviation...Gorse/Klein/PO
Marine...Gorse/Klein
Climate...



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