Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Omaha/Valley, NE

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FXUS63 KOAX 162017
AFDOAX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Omaha/Valley NE
317 PM CDT Tue May 16 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Tonight through Friday)
Issued at 315 PM CDT Tue May 16 2017

WV imagery this afternoon showing a deep longwave trof cutting
through the western CONUS with potent southern tier vort max
currently over southern CA/western AZ. At the surface...relatively
weak low pressure was centered in eastern CO with a stagnant
thermal boundary extending into eastern Neb then northern IA. A
second boundary/cold front was situated from central MN to
southwest SD. Daytime heating/influx of moisture has pushed
instability parameters to the extreme with MLCAPES 2500-3500J/kg
over the region.

A highly unstable environment will be in place to allow for
convective development in western KS this afternoon...which will
eventually reach the CWA early this evening. Expect updraft
initiation on nose of 8-9C/km low level lapse rates protruding into
moisture rich environment...promoting rapid storm development. All
this coincident to boundary layer theta-E convergence.

HRRR and RAP13 have been pretty consistent the last several runs
showing the cluster of western KS storms will cross into 0-3km bulk
shear of 40kt or so...forming into a QLCS. Complex is progged then
to quickly race along the Neb/KS border during the early evening
hours before crossing into southeastern Neb/extreme southwest IA.
Along with probable severe wind gusts(increasing layer differential
max theta-E)...an isolated tornado forming along the bowing line
segment cannot be ruled out.

Meanwhile farther north...narrow line of convection is progged to
fire later the afternoon along a stagnant surface boundary extending
from south-central Neb into west-central IA. Activity will expand
then in areal coverage mainly over northeast Neb/west-central IA
toward mid evening. Steep mid-level lapse rates topping moisture
rich boundary layer suggest severe hail producers are quite
probable.

In addition...a heavy rain threat will be in place as well tonight.
The last several runs of both NAM/GFS show continuity advertising a
high degree of precipitation efficiency consisting of deep warm
cloud layer/strong moist low level inflow...and 30-40 microbars of
omega coincident to PWS approaching 2"

Wednesday/Wednesday evening...core of southwest shortwave trof will
lift right over the CWA and bring wrap around precip mainly over the
northern CWA.

Precip chances continue Thursday afternoon through Friday associated
with a large and relatively slow moving upper low/several impulses
exiting the Rockies.

.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 315 PM CDT Tue May 16 2017

Precip chances continue into the early part of next weekend
accompanied by a noticeable cooling trend into early next week.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Wednesday afternoon)
Issued at 1207 PM CDT Tue May 16 2017

Gusty south winds will continue this afternoon across eastern
Nebraska with scattered-broken clouds at around FL040.
Thunderstorms are expected to form to the west this afternoon
before moving into the area this evening. Short-term model
guidance remains in good agreement in suggesting that a bowing
line of storms will affect the Lincoln and Omaha areas between
about 01 and 04z. As such, a mention of strong wind gusts have
been included in the TAFs during that time frame. Otherwise,
expect episodic showers and thunderstorms overnight into Wednesday
morning with the potential for more widespread MVFR ceilings
developing late tonight.


&&

.OAX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NE...None.
IA...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...DEE
LONG TERM...DEE
AVIATION...Mead



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