Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Bismarck, ND

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FXUS63 KBIS 121948

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Bismarck ND
248 PM CDT Sat Aug 12 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Sunday)
Issued at 248 PM CDT Sat Aug 12 2017

Latest GOES16 water vapor imagery loop shows a mid level upper
low circulating over northwestern ND, soon to transition south as
a stronger shortwave rotates and into southwest/south central ND
this evening. The mid/upper low slowly meanders into the southern
James River Valley after midnight. Areas of fog 05z-15z Sunday for
southwest and south central ND has been added to the gridded
forecast per HRRR/RAP13 Surface Visibility Forecast.

For this afternoon and evening, per water vapor imagery, our
attention is directed toward a pair of 700mb-500mb shortwaves
noted over Dawson and Custer Counties in eastern Montana. The
GFS/RAP13 have both initialized this very well with the current
location, and begins pushing these shortwaves into southwestern
ND 21z-00z, then into far south central 03z-06z, and exiting the
southern James River Valley 12z-15z Sunday. Large scale ascent
increases this afternoon southwest and far south central in
response to the shortwave aloft and the left exit region of a 60kt
300mb jet streak scooting through southeastern MT/southwestern
ND. A cold pocket of -16C also aiding in destabilization. Air
parcels will encounter moderate instability with mixed layer CAPE
between 1000-2000 J/kg, Effective Bulk Shear values of 40kt, and
mid level lapse rates around 7.5C/km. With that said, will
continue with previous forecasts and maintain a mention of severe
thunderstorms in far southwest and into far south central ND
through early this evening. This is also in line with the Marginal
Severe Thunderstorm Risk per SPC. Main threats of large hail and
damaging winds continue. Localized heavy rainfall (1 to 2 inches)
per WPC in a short amount of time with any thunderstorm remains
valid as well.

The Simulated High Resolution Composite Reflectivities in decent
agreement with developing pockets of showers/thunderstorms from
Williston south to Bowman, which is in line with the current
Regional Radar. The Non-Supercell Composite Index is between 1
and 2 over northwest ND. Will need to monitor the low level lapse
rates and surface vorticity for any potential landspouts that
could develop within this area.

Scattered showers and thunderstorms continue through the evening,
then shift away from southwest ND towards midnight. As mentioned
above, concur with fog southwest and south central given the
moisture, and crossover temperatures being met later tonight per
BUFKIT soundings.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday night through Saturday)
Issued at 248 PM CDT Sat Aug 12 2017

A mid level transitory shortwave ridge shifts into eastern MT and
western ND Sunday, behind the departing upper low. Increasing
sunshine west Sunday morning, with clouds decreasing in the
afternoon in the central. Lingering precipitation over the James
River Valley Sunday morning, diminishes through 18z Sunday before
ending. Highs in the 70s.

The next in a series of shortwaves moves into eastern MT and
western ND Monday with a chance for showers and thunderstorms.
Additional shortwaves traverse through a southwest flow aloft
Monday night through Tuesday night affecting western and central
ND with showers and thunderstorms. A break on Wednesday with
another shortwave slated for Thursday/Thursday night. Highs in the
upper 70s to lower 80s Monday through Saturday.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Sunday afternoon)
Issued at 248 PM CDT Sat Aug 12 2017

Mid and upper level circulation will keep the threat of showers
and thunderstorms through the forecast period. Currently band of
showers and thunderstorms approaching KJMS and extending north
northwest to around KMOT. Will have a mention of showers and
thunderstorms for these areas as TAF period begins. Better risk of
stronger storms will be this afternoon into early this evening
for KDIK to KBIS and points south. MVFR cigs/vsbys will be
possible with any thunderstorms. East to southeast flow continues
through the period with indications of MVFR to IFR ceilings
Sunday morning, especially across the southern TAF sites. Will
bring MVFR ceilings and start off with a SCT layer of IFR and MVFR
Vsbys. Later shifts may need to trend lower with ceilings and




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