Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Goodland, KS

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FXUS63 KGLD 221441

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Goodland KS
841 AM MDT Fri Sep 22 2017

Issued at 841 AM MDT Fri Sep 22 2017

Please refer to the Climate section below for record high
temperatures for today.


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Sunday night)
Issued at 416 AM MDT Fri Sep 22 2017

Forecast issues will be severe weather potential through this
evening followed by rainfall amounts for the rest of the period.
Satellite showing an amplified and slow moving pattern from the
Pacific into the western Atlantic. Analysis and satellite show that
moisture content through 700 mb is increasing from the south.

At jet level...models were close with maybe a slight advantage to
the Nam and Ecmwf. At mid levels...the Gfs and Ecmwf were starting
out slightly better than the remaining output. Nam looked to do
better at the surface. The Gfs and Canadian looked to start better
on the low level thermal field.

Today/tonight...Main jet axis and lift remains to the west, further
west than yesterday, of the area through the day. During the night
this axis is over the far western portion of the area to a little
west of the area. In general most every feature is further west.
Am concerned that the models are not far enough west with the dry
line. Considering where the deep upper low over the Great Basin and
continued big height falls from it, believe that the lee trough/dry
line will be further west.

This has two affects. Considering the strong winds expected today,
any location to the west of the dry line could see critical fire
weather conditions. At this time am thinking that will be to the
west of my area. Also if the dry line is further west, initiation
of thunderstorms will be further west as well. Because everything
is further west, models not showing as much rainfall over the
area. Am thinking the far western portion of the area will have
the best chance this afternoon into this evening with damaging
winds and large hail the big threats.

After a lull in the middle of the night, there looks to be
additional development late in the night due to the proximity of the
upper jet and another shortwave. Models have been consistent in
showing this for the last two days. So have pops increasing again
after midnight. In regards to high temperatures, considering how
warm it got yesterday, current mild readings, and 850 mb
temperatures, raised maxes a little from the previous forecast.

Saturday/Saturday night...Through the day the main jet axis/lift
remains just west of the area through the day with only weak upper
level lift indicated. That lift slowly strengthens and moves east
over the western half of the area during the night. Moisture
along with the mid level lift gradually increases through the day.
So the increasing pops through the day look good.

Moisture and lift continues to increase through the night. Depending
on which model you choose, Gfs further west, the PWs get as high as
1.5 to 1.8, mainly east of the Colorado border. This is 3 to 3.5
standard deviations above normal. Considering the instability,
negative theta-e lapse rates, and storm training, the heavy rainfall
risk is rather high. Wpc continues to have the area in a slight
risk for excessive rainfall.

Sunday/Sunday night...Right rear quadrant of the jet continues over
the area over through the period although there are some differences
in the models. There is some indication there may be a coupled jet
structure over the area. Mid level lift continues to increase
through the night as well as the upper system, which the models are
in very good agreement on, moves closer through the area. Front
finally starts moving into the area during the morning and then
stalls/lingers over the area until the overnight hours.

Models decrease the precipitable water values during this period
mostly into the 1 to 1.5 range which is still well above normal. Am
getting more concerned about this period due to the frontal boundary
that gets draped across the area. Surface moisture convergence maxes
out in this area with favorable theta-e lapse rates to allow for
deep lift of this very moist air mass. Sunday afternoon into the
night could see the heaviest rainfall along this boundary. Once
again Wpc has the area in a slight risk of excessive rainfall.
Have not issued any flash flood/flood watches but if trends
continue, a watch will need to be added soon.

.LONG TERM...(Monday through Thursday) Issued at 218 AM MDT Fri
Sep 22 2017

Monday-Tuesday: Cold front finally progresses off to the east and
out of the area, as the upper low moves off to the north. Will
still have chances of rain during the day and early evening on
Monday with the best chances along and east of Hwy 83. Some of
those areas could see an additional 0.25 in. of rain. Tuesday
should remain dry with just slight chances of rain for southern
portions of the CWA. Temperatures will be below normal.

Wednesday-Thursday: Another upper low/longwave trough forms over the
Four Corners region. Similar setup to the previous system with the
main exception being that the ridge over the eastern US is not as
amplified, which will allow for a more progressive setup. There will
be chances of rain Wednesday night through Thursday morning. Not
expecting any severe weather at this time from this system.
Temperatures will remain below normal for the period.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Saturday morning)
Issued at 525 AM MDT Fri Sep 22 2017

For KGLD and KMCK... VFR conditions expected through the period.
Main concern will be gusty winds and wind shear through the entire
period. There is a slight chance of thunderstorms across the area
this afternoon and evening. Omitted any mention of rain or storms
due to low confidence in this precipitation occurring and if it
did occur, what areas would see it. This will be monitored closely
by future shifts.


Issued at 841 AM MDT Fri Sep 22 2017

Record high temperatures for September 22:

Goodland KS   96F  1939

McCook NE     97F  2015

Burlington CO 92F  2010

Hill City KS  99F  1945

Colby KS      99F  2005

Tribune KS    98F  2005

Yuma CO       97F  2005




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