Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Great Falls, MT

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FXUS65 KTFX 211728
AFDTFX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREAT FALLS MT
1128 AM MDT Mon Jul 21 2014

.UPDATE...
Two bands of rain showers associated with a weak trof skirting the
US/Can border, one from just north of Lincoln up to central Hill
County and the other east of White Sulphur Springs through Blaine
County, will continue to move to the northeast through midday.
Haven`t seen any lightning with this activity over past hour or so,
but will keep a mention of possible short-lived thunderstorms as a
few cells may briefly strengthen. Meanwhile, latest webcams and
satellite imagery show clearing skies behind the trof axis have
begun to move into the Rocky Mtn Front/Glacier NP area and should
make slow progress to the southeast through the day.  Forecast still
on track for additional moisture, currently over central ID, to move
into southwest and portions of central MT, generating scattered
thunderstorms this aftn/eve while drying conditions move into the
Hiline counties.  A few of the southwest MT storms may briefly reach
moderate-to-strong intensity, but severe weather is not expected at
this time. Main forecast adjustments this morning were to increase
chances of precipitation for locations north and east of Great Falls
this morning, in line with current radar imagery, and decrease high
temperatures a few degrees due to the widespread cloud cover that
will delay surface heating.
Waranauskas

&&


.AVIATION...
UPDATED 1727Z.
The rain showers across Central Montana are associated with a
shortwave that will be moving into Eastern Montana during the day.
This will allow the air mass over central and northern portions of
the area to stabilize and showers will diminish. However, flow will
remain unsettled across Southwest Montana and a chance of showers
will continue.  A second shortwave will approach Western Montana
tonight and bring a chance of showers and thunderstorms to the
region again Tuesday. Local MVFR conditions are possible near
showers and thunderstorms. Elsewhere VFR conditions will prevail
through the next 24 hours.

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION...
/ISSUED 550 AM MDT Mon Jul 21 2014/
Monday through Wednesday...A dramatic pattern change is beginning to
occur as the weather pattern shifts to a more southwesterly flow
under the influence of a large scale closed low off the Canadian
Pacific Coastal. A few shortwave disturbance being ejected from
this system will move across the area over the next few days along
with moist Pacific flow aloft. This will allow for showers and
thunderstorms to develop and move across the area. While scattered
showers can be expected during peak heating due to diurnal warming
of the surface...additional support from these upper level
intrusions will allow for strong possibly severe storms to occur
along with an increased chance for showers and thunderstorms
through the overnight hours. Every day will likely experience
scattered showers and thunderstorms.
Tuesday will have an enhanced chance for strong and severe
thunderstorms...mainly due to strong potentially damaging winds due
to dry air near the surface. By Wednesday afternoon a greater
dewpoint depression, along with warmer temperatures and steeper
lapse rates should allow for a better chance of strong damaging
winds and a slightly increased chance for a hail threat as well.
Temperatures throughout the period will remain near seasonal
values...but should generally increase with each successive day.
Precipitable water values should remain between three quarters of
an inch to a an inch throughout this time period providing ample
moisture aloft to allow for significant rainfall and potential
hail production dependent on cape amounts through the hail growth
zone. Suk

Wednesday night through Monday...Wednesday evening a weather
disturbance aloft will be moving northeast through the area. This
disturbance is ahead of an upper low that will move into Washington
or far southern B.C. Wednesday night. Although models differ on
details of the precipitation associated with the disturbance have
increased the chances of precipitation especially towards the
Canadian border. Precipitation will come in the form of showers and
thunderstorms and there could be a risk of strong thunderstorms
early in the evening. Thursday afternoon and evening the remnants of
the upper low will swing through the forecast area. Increased low
level downslope could limit the threat of precipitation over the
lower elevations during that time frame. Thursday the flow aloft
should be strong enough for a chance of high winds over Logan Pass
with a small chance elsewhere over the Rocky Mountain Front. Behind
the upper trough a dry airmass will move over the forecast area.
Over the weekend models are on the same page in developing a strong
upper ridge over the western U.S. which could further intensify on
Monday. The upper ridge will result in warming temperatures. It
should also result in no precipitation at least through Sunday.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
GTF  81  58  84  61 /  50  30  40  30
CTB  79  51  80  55 /  40  10  50  30
HLN  83  59  88  60 /  60  40  40  40
BZN  82  53  86  52 /  70  50  40  30
WEY  70  40  78  42 /  70  50  30  10
DLN  79  52  82  53 /  70  50  50  30
HVR  83  55  88  59 /  60  10  30  30
LWT  82  57  87  58 /  50  40  40  30

&&

.TFX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

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