Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 251113
AFDLMK

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Louisville KY
613 AM EST Sat Feb 25 2017

...Updated Aviation Discussion...

.Short Term...(Today through Sunday)
Issued at 300 AM EST Sat Feb 25 2017

Water Vapor analysis reveals an occluded ULL over Wisconsin with our
CWA presently in a dry slot, with a line of convection across the
Appalachian Mountains just ahead of the dry slot. At the surface, a
995mb low was located over Lake Huron and had a strong cold front
stretched down to the Gulf Coast region. The cold front has cleared
our CWA, and pressure rises and CAA behind the cold front have led
to breezy westerly to northwesterly winds at this hour.

The backside of the ULL currently over Wisconsin will pass through
northern parts of the CWA after sunrise and advect in some low level
moisture. Most NWP guidance keeps the CWA dry during the morning and
early afternoon hours, but a couple of models suggest some very
light precipitation would be possible. Forecast soundings reveal
very limited moisture depth, on the order of a few thousand feet,
but low-level lapse rates are steep and even have a little
instability. For now, will keep low PoPs in the forecast mainly
across northern portions of the CWA. Temperature profiles will be
supportive of snow in some areas of the CWA, but not expecting much
in the way of accumulations as ground temperatures are quite warm
and air temperatures should be near or above freezing at the
surface.  Speaking of temperatures, does not appear we will warm up
much during the day today, as strong CAA will only allow
temperatures to rise into the low 40s for many spots.

Clouds will clear out this evening and winds will lighten as a
surface high moves just south of the CWA and the nocturnal inversion
sets in. Temperatures overnight will drop to some of the coldest
values we`ve had in a while, with some areas getting down into the
low 20s.

By Sunday, surface high moves east toward the Carolina coastline,
and anticyclonic flow around the high will begin to advect in some
warmer air from the south. Daytime highs will still be a bit cooler
than we`re used to, but near climatological normals, with most spots
in the upper 40s to lower 50s. Clouds will increase late in the day
ahead of the next system that will bring precipitation to the region.

.Long Term...(Sunday night through Friday)
Issued at 300 AM EST Sat Feb 25 2017

Long term period looks to be fairly active with multiple rounds of
precipitation, especially in the Monday through Wednesday timeframe.

Upper level flow starts off near zonal late Sunday across the CONUS,
but begins to become more southwesterly across the eastern half of
the country by mid-week. Multiple shortwaves within the flow will
impact the CWA, but NWP guidance is not very consistent with the
timing and strength of the systems during this timeframe. Despite
model inconsistencies, it does appear that we will be wet during
this time, and could see 1 to 2 inches of rainfall for the Monday
through Wednesday period, with the "wettest" day being Wednesday at
this point as a strong trough pushes through the region.

Additionally, some models are showing weak instability, generally
500-1000J/Kg, during the Tuesday and Wednesday period. Deep layer
shear would be supportive of organized convection, so will continue
to monitor model output and trends in the coming days for severe
weather potential.

Trough clears the region by Wednesday evening, and things will dry
off and cool down briefly Thursday. The GFS/ECMWF bring a northern
stream shortwave into northern portions of the CWA late Thursday and
early Friday. Temperature profiles could support a rain/snow mix,
but any accumulations look to be very limited given the quick moving
nature of the system.

&&

.Aviation...(12Z TAF Issuance)
Issued at 610 AM EST Sat Feb 25 2017

Gusty west winds coming as high pressure build in behind yesterday`s
cold front. Also have some areas of MVFR cloud cover moving through.
Expect one more round of restrictions during the morning and early
afternoon hours as well before we scatter out by late afternoon.
Wind direction and gusts will cause some impacts for runway usage at
SDF.

&&

.LMK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IN...None.
KY...None.
&&

$$

Short Term...DM
Long Term...DM
Aviation...RJS


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