Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Indianapolis, IN

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FXUS63 KIND 162321

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Indianapolis IN
621 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

The AVIATION Section has been updated below.


Issued at 217 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

A low pressure system currently moving into the Missouri Valley
will be the main focus early in the forecast period. Rain showers
will continue to spread across the forecast area from the
southwest this evening and tonight. As forcing strengthens, the
threat for isolated thunderstorms will also increase this evening
and tonight. Rain showers will linger through tomorrow, but as the
system pushes farther east, dry conditions will return for
Wednesday. After that, the first of several systems will approach
from the southwest on Thursday, bringing additional rainfall
chances through the end of the week. Further out, additional
systems from the southwest will bring more chances for periodic
rain through the extended period.


.NEAR TERM /Tonight/...

Issued at 217 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

The main focus of the near term period will be shower and
thunderstorm chances with a low pressure system currently
centered over the Kansas/Missouri border.

Rain showers ahead of an associated warm front continue to
increase in coverage across central Indiana from the southwest. So
far, there haven`t been any thunderstorms, but there still is a
slight chance this evening and tonight when the best forcing moves
through the forecast area.

The other area of focus this evening will be areas of dense fog.
Will continue with headlines for a dense fog advisory across the
northwestern counties through Tue 03Z, but confidence is low in
extending it any longer. Latest trends to the southwest are
already showing increasing ceilings and visibilities where rain is
currently falling. So, fog will continue to be monitored.

Overnight lows will hold steady in the warm sector with temps in
the low 40s to the north and low 50s to the south.


.SHORT TERM /Tuesday through Thursday/...

Issued at 217 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

The main focus of the short term period will be rain chances early
in the period as a low pressure system continues its track across
the Great Lakes Region.

Rain showers will continue to linger through Tuesday morning
across all of central Indiana and just across the northern
portions during Tuesday afternoon as the associated cold front
moves through the area. Time cross sections show a rapid loss of
moisture in the mid and upper levels as early as Tue 12Z though,
so will not go any higher than slight chance and chance pops at
any time tomorrow.

Latest Superblend initialization keeps slight chance pops in the
forecast over northern portions of central Indiana into Tuesday
night and will continue with this trend as models hint at another
quick wave in the upper levels between Wed 00-06Z. After that,
models come into agreement in regard to high pressure and dry
conditions on Wednesday. This pattern will be short-lived though
as the first of several systems approaches from the southwest on
Thursday. Rain showers will start spreading across the forecast
area from south to north on Thursday ahead of that system.

Temps will remain above normal through the period with
west/southwesterly flow. Highs will generally be in the 40s and
50s with lows in the 30s, stuck close to a model blend.


.LONG TERM /Thursday night through Monday/...
Issued at 212 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

A mild and wet period is on tap this weekend and early next week.

Deterministic models are now in pretty good agreement over 3 main
upper systems that will effect central Indiana. So, with some
confidence, expect the first of these systems to bring widespread
showers to the area Thursday night into Friday. This system is
currently over Mexico and the four corners region and will
eventually become negatively-tilted as it pinwheels northeast
over the Ohio Valley on Friday and spins up a surface low and
occluded front. Instability progs suggest thunder is not out of
the question.

Models then pivot another southwestern system northward on Saturday.
However, this one will be west of the first one, across the Plains.
This, should keep the forecast area mostly dry until Saturday night.
Then the final system is progged to wind up over the Ohio Valley
Sunday night into Monday. More widespread showers and possibly
thunderstorms are expected with this system.

Regional blend pops looked good except after coordinating with LMK,
PAH and ILX, pulled small blotchy pops associated with the second
system on Saturday.

With southerly flow off the Gulf, temperatures will be well above
normal with highs in the 50s and possibly 60s per Regional blend.


.AVIATION /Discussion for 170000z TAF issuance/...

Issued at 610 PM EST Mon Jan 16 2017

Mainly IFR and lower during the period. Could see brief
improvement to cloud ceilings and visibilities as showers move
through the area currently and for the next hour or two, but
after that expect ceilings to drop back down with whatever showers
are still moving through. Low level jet picks up tonight and could
see some LLWS starting around 4z or so at KLAF and KHUF and
arriving at KIND and KBMG by 6z and lasting through around 9-10z.
This could also enhance chance for thunder ahead of it, and may
include a VCTS for a couple hours. Wind gusts around 20 kts are
possible Tuesday afternoon out of the WSW, and ceiling could
briefly improve to MVFR late morning but drop back to IFR during
the afternoon/evening.


Dense Fog Advisory until 10 PM EST this evening for INZ021-



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