Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Indianapolis, IN

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000
FXUS63 KIND 240830
AFDIND

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Indianapolis IN
428 AM EDT TUE MAY 24 2016

.UPDATE...
The AVIATION section has been updated below.

&&

.SYNOPSIS...
Issued at 236 AM EDT Tue May 24 2016

High pressure will allow for one more dry day before thunderstorm
chances return Tuesday night and continue through the Holiday
weekend as upper waves interact with an increasingly moist and
unstable atmosphere.

The southerly flow off the Gulf of Mexico will allow for slightly
above normal temperatures with highs in the upper 70s and lower 80s.

&&

.NEAR TERM.../Today/
Issued at 236 AM EDT Tue May 24 2016

One more dry day is expected today as surface high pressure shifts
to the southeastern states. Should only see an increase in late day
high clouds from northwest to southeast.

South and southwest winds to around 10 mph should allow temperatures
to top out at or slightly above 00z MOS...in the lower to mid 80s.

&&

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Thursday night/
Issued at 236 AM EDT Tue May 24 2016

Short term focus will be on thunderstorm chances through the
period...as models are very close in the overall synoptic pattern
through the late week and beyond.

Models have been very consistent in showing numerous impulses being
ejected northeastward across the Ohio Valley and lower Great Lakes
courtesy of a southwestern upper low. The southwestern low is
currently near the San Francisco Bay and will gradually curl across
the dessert southwest before moving to the Rockies by 12z Friday.
Meanwhile...at the surface...southerly flow on the backside of a
southeastern high and ahead of a slow moving Plains frontal
system...will result in an increasingly moist and unstable
atmosphere over the area. The result will be off and on
thunderstorms starting tonight as the first upper wave moves through
the southwest upper flow. Will start with evening chances across the
western counties and then spread pops east through the night with
the wave.

Models agree that the next distinguishable short wave will move
across central Indiana Wednesday evening and early overnight. This
wave will have even more instability to work with with mixed layer
CAPES 1000 j/kg or more. In addition...a 30 knot low level jet will
nose in from the west and add fuel to the storms. This could be
enough for an isolated severe storm...mainly near and west of a
Covington to Rockville to Clay City to Odon line during the late
afternoon and evening per the Marginal Risk of the SPC Day2 Severe
Outlook. In addition...with the best combo of dynamics and
thermodynamics...Wednesday afternoon and evening should see the most
coverage of thunderstorms and so went with the highest pops then
with likely over the southern two thirds of the area Wednesday night.
With deep shear lacking...damaging winds and large hail would be the
main severe threats.

Although model CAPES are progged to 2000 j/kg or higher Thursday
afternoon...there is no discernible upper wave...so went with
smaller chance pops. Another wave will move through Thursday
night...so kept chance pops going.

Coverage of convective elements will have a lot to do with
temperatures. Prefer near or slightly above MOS temperatures...which
have verified better lately. This translates to highs in the lower
to mid 80s and lows in the 60s.

&&

.LONG TERM /Friday through next Monday/...
Issued at 227 AM EDT Tue May 24 2016

Ensembles in good agreement with respect to the overall pattern
during the extended. Mean ridging expected along the east coast
with troughing over the western parts of the country.

An upper disturbance is expected to eject into the northern Midwest
or western Great Lakes over the weekend. In the wake of this
system, heights are progged to rise a bit, however ensembles
suggest a weakness in the upper ridge may linger over the Ohio
Valley into early next week.

Ensembles continue to suggest daily chances for convection
throughout the extended. However, convection may become more
diurnal in nature by early next week as the Plains disturbance
moves away, and the local area becomes more influenced by the
weakness in the upper ridge.

&&

.AVIATION /Discussion for the 240900Z KIND TAF Update/...
Issued at 428 AM EDT Tue May 24 2016

Dropped the wind forecast to below 7 kts through the mid morning hours
based on current observations. Previous discussion follows.

VFR conditions will still prevail for the duration of this
TAF period.  However, mid clouds will increase late in the period as
an upper wave approaches...bringing rain showers after WED 06Z.
Winds will veer from the southeast to southwest with sustained
speeds of 5 to 10 kts.

&&

.IND Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
NONE.
&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...MK
NEAR TERM...MK
SHORT TERM...MK
LONG TERM....JAS
AVIATION...TDUD/JAS



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