Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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FXUS63 KABR 230826

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
326 AM CDT Sun Apr 23 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Tuesday Afternoon)
Issued at 326 AM CDT Sun Apr 23 2017

The cold front extends to the county lines of Beadle and Spink,
extending northeast and northwest from there. CAM solutions are
generally agreed that this feature will move back to the north
during the day - though the finer details of the end destination vary
slightly. This will have a huge impact on the temperature forecast
for locations such as Aberdeen - where the going high is around 70
with NAM BUFKIT soundings mixing us up to 750mb - however if the
front fails to make it this far north - we could be seeing highs
that struggle to make 60. This example plays out across the northern
tier of counties for South Dakota today.

A low will develop along the front tonight across western South
Dakota. As this low moves east during the day, we develop a stronger
push of colder air southwards on the west side of the low. Milder
air will remain just to the east however, so again there will be a
strong contrast in temperatures even through Monday.

As for precipitation, the fairly aggressive GFS CAPE values peak
around 700mb into eastern counties. The GFS soundings don`t really
support this however, and much like the NAM BUFKIT soundings -
suggesting around 300 j/kg elevated/skinny cape, anticipate more of
a showers/rumble of thunder type environment.

Cold air will dominate conditions Tuesday, with 925mb temperatures
down to around +2C and 850mb temperatures between -6 and -4C.
Another system moves across the southern tier of the CWA. Profiles
support a rain/snow mix or possibly all snow along the northern edge
of this system with some wet bulb effects. With ground temps in the
40s to around 50, this should help melt off any accumulation so long
as the snow intensity remains light.

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday Evening through Saturday)
Issued at 326 AM CDT Sun Apr 23 2017

Compared to 24 hours ago, the 00Z deterministic solutions are 1-3C
cooler with their 925hpa thermal progs for Tuesday night through
Wednesday night with meager (at best) temperature recovery Thursday
and Friday. Again, Superblend is too warm for the middle of the
week. Eventually, forecast lows and highs through that period will
need to be lowered a solid category or more of temperature, if these
low level thermal progs continue. Between Tuesday night and Saturday
night, the only timeframe where there is any semblance of model
agreement is Saturday/Saturday night when the potential for a large
sw conus upper low is forecast to lift north-northeast across the
plains. Otherwise, spotty chances for precip from hit-or-miss
transient shortwaves in split flow upper level pattern continues.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Sunday Night)
Issued at 1246 AM CDT Sun Apr 23 2017

The cold front sinking south has already pushed through the KABR
terminal, about 6 hours ahead of schedule switching winds around
to the northeast, and continues a steady progression across
northeast SD. The front seems to be hung up a bit just north of
KMBG, but is still expected to move south through said terminal
within the next couple of hours switching winds there around to
the east-northeast. The front should clear the KATY terminal by
12Z, but currently appears to stall out over central SD before
reaching KPIR. Short range flight category guidance seems to be
diverging into two camps, where a few solutions still bring sub-
VFR cigs down into KMBG and KABR by mid-morning, while other
solutions have backed off and are not as aggressive bringing low
stratus as far south as these two terminals. Current
satellite/surface obs do indicate there is a west-east band of low
clouds over ND, which may eventually expand and spread down
across northern SD. For now, KATY and KPIR maintain the highest
probability of seeing prevailing VFR over the next 24 hours.




SHORT TERM...Connelly
AVIATION...Dorn is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.