Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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FXUS63 KABR 220511 AAC

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
1211 AM CDT WED JUN 22 2016

Issued at 837 PM CDT TUE JUN 21 2016

Despite a stout mid-level capping thermal inversion /per 00z KABR
RAOB and latest Rap Refresh thermal progs/...a couple of
marginally strong storms continue in or near severe thunderstorm
watch 281 /in effect until 11 pm cdt/ coverage area. Where the
mid-level temps are few degrees cooler across western North Dakota
and eastern Montana, considerably stronger storms have developed
and are currently moving east or southeast and have had a history
of producing hail between 1 and 3 inches in diameter. Some storms
have also exhibited rotation. So, severe thunderstorm watch 282
/in effect until 2 am cdt/ has been issued which includes portions
of north central and northeast South Dakota. No other notable
changes are planned to the tonight forecast.

UPDATE Issued at 623 PM CDT TUE JUN 21 2016

See below for an updated aviation forecast discussion.


.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Thursday Night)
Issued at 335 PM CDT TUE JUN 21 2016

The w/v satellite was showing the strong upper level low pressure
area spinning along the Montana/Canadian border this afternoon
moving east. The surface pattern had low pressure troughing all
along the east slopes of the rockies. Warmer and more moist air was
being drawn north this afternoon on good low level winds resulting
in increasing instability. For tonight and Wednesday, the models all
agree there will be two surface low pressure areas tracking
east/southeast across our region. The one to the south will track
across far southern sd/northern nebraska while the other low
pressure area will track into North Dakota and then southeast across
our far northeast cwa into Wednesday evening. Both of these will
affect where the main area of focus will be for thunderstorm
development. The issue late this afternoon is the warm mid level cap
over our region with +12 to +14c 70h temperatures with the mid level
waa. Believe there will be two areas of development late this
afternoon, one in eastern Montana/western nd and the other in
Western sd. These two areas will track east and southeast as the cap
weakens through the night. The western sd convection should track
southeast with maybe some waa thunderstorms developing over our cwa
this evening. Although, believe our best shot will come later
tonight with the push of a cold front the northwest. We look to have
moderate instability over the cwa tonight along with very good deep
layer shear in the 50 to 70 knot range. Thus, when the storms get
going, they could become severe as the move quickly east into early
Wednesday morning.

The models show the activity moving east on Wednesday with the
northern surface low pressure area dropping southeast and across our
far northeast cwa. This may bring some showers/storms to this area
in the afternoon and early evening. Otherwise, it should be
breezy/windy northwest winds through the day and cooler. Surface
high pressure will then build in for Wednesday night with clearing
skies, decreasing winds, and cool temperatures with lows in the 50s.

Thursday and Thursday night will be dry as the surface high pressure
builds east with winds turning southeast. It does look to be dry
with clear to partly cloudy skies.

.LONG TERM...(Friday through Tuesday)
Issued at 335 PM CDT TUE JUN 21 2016

Expect very warm conditions Friday afternoon, on southerly flow
with 850MB temps nearing 30C over the far west while a more
moderate 20C east. With cooler air just above the sfc, and an
increase chance of clouds, the east will be about 10-15F lower
than our west. With the apex of the 500MB ridge sliding to our
east by late in the day, it will be difficult to completely rule
out the potential for a shower or thunderstorm as the low pressure
over E WY-MT and W ND at 00Z Saturday shifts a cold front across
the forecast area during the day Saturday. At this point, we are
looking too capped for much to develop.

Saturday and Sunday both look breezy. The surface low centered over
southern Manitoba and northeastern ND Saturday afternoon will wrap
up across southern Manitoba Saturday night into early Sunday. Fire
weather concerns may come into play for Saturday afternoon as RH
values fall to around 15-25 percent for areas along and west of the
MO River. At this point the strongest day wind-wise with more
widespread breezy conditions looks to be Sunday, although both days
could experience gusts of 30-35kts near and west of the MO River..

The sfc low will will finally exit across Manitoba late Sunday
afternoon through Monday, allowing high pressure to slowly build
across the Northern Plains states. The high will be overhead Monday
afternoon through Tuesday morning, before exiting across MN.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday Night)
Issued at 1211 AM CDT WED JUN 22 2016

Expecting the current VFR forecast to hold overnight and on into
Wednesday across most of the TAF sites. Scattered showers and
thunderstorms are moving from west to east and could potentially
present some issues with briefly lowered cigs/visbies in any of the
heavier downpours. Held onto VCTS mention during the early morning
hours for across KABR and KATY.


.ABR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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