Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Goodland, KS

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FXUS63 KGLD 272010

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Goodland KS
210 PM MDT SAT AUG 27 2016

.SHORT TERM...(This afternoon through Sunday)
Issued at 210 PM MDT Sat Aug 27 2016

SW flow remains in place across the plains with a mid-upper level
trough still in place across the desert southwest. Several weak
ripples (shortwave troughs) are rotating through the main flow aloft
with disorganized forcing leading to several pockets of
showers/thunderstorms early this afternoon.

Instability has already increased to 2000-3000 J/KG based on latest
RAP analysis, and thunderstorms have already developed near our
western CWA near this CAPE maxima aided by weak convergence along
surface trough. Shear is relatively weak and is expected to peak
around 30 KTS near 00z, so supercells are much less likely. There
is a region of veering nearing baroclinic zone in our south where
additional development is projected and there may be enough shear
for a more organized cell. Otherwise, the tendency will be towards
slower moving pulse type thunderstorms (large hail/strong winds).
PWATs should increase to 1-1.5" range late this afternoon, so
potential for locally heavy rain exists. Most guidance (other than
NAM) shows coverage peaking in the 00-06Z time frame and then moving
out of our CWA (or dissipating). NAM tries to linger
showers/thunderstorms through Sunday morning, and while there could
still be weak forcing in place decreasing considering the large
consensus towards dry conditions I favored that trend.

There is still poorly correlated precip signal in guidance Sunday
afternoon due to differences on timing of the next mid level vort
max to break out of the southwest and move northeast towards the
plains. NAM is certainly most aggressive, while GFS keeps conditions
dry through the afternoon. There is limited to no higher resolution
support. I kept slight chance/chance PoPs in place in the afternoon
(focused just east of surface trough) to remain consistent and
remain in line with ensembles. If thunderstorms develop we are
looking at similar threats as today with limited effective shear and
moderate instability. Seasonal highs (mid to upper 80s) are

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday through Friday)
Issued at 1247 AM MDT Sat Aug 27 2016

Models show scattered thunderstorms across the area Tuesday and
Wednesday. The upper pattern features a large ridge across the
eastern conus and a trough in the Pacific northwest. Forcing
apparently tied to weak shortwave troughs in the zonal flow
aloft and daytime heating in a somewhat moist air mass with
dewpoints forecast in the upper 50s to lower 60s. The only
surface feature of note would be a lee trough across eastern
Colorado, with a cold front getting hung up in the northern
plains. Instability/shear profiles not particularly impressive
under the ridge, so not expecting much if any in the way of a
severe threat. The ridge will build even stronger for the latter
part of the week with a corresponding decrease in thunderstorm
chances and temperatures climbing back into the 90s.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Sunday afternoon)
Issued at 1132 AM MDT Sat Aug 27 2016

Lingering stratus at KGLD is quickly dissipating and VFR should
prevail around valid TAF time (18Z). VFR is already in place at
KMCK and should prevail through the remaining TAF period. Winds
will remain out of the southeast or south less than 12 kt. Main
aviation concern after stratus dissipates is potential for
thunderstorms this afternoon/evening. Based on latest guidance
best chances will be closer to KGLD, with short range guidance
favoring 00z-04z period this evening. This activity should remain
south of KMCK.


.GLD Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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