Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Jackson, KY

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FXUS63 KJKL 222340

National Weather Service Jackson KY
740 PM EDT Sat Jul 22 2017

Issued at 740 PM EDT SAT JUL 22 2017

Issued an update to the forecast to input the latest observations
and trend them through the evening hours. Adjusted pops as well
through the night to more reflect the progression of upstream
convection. It seems that the question of pops through the night
will not be whether convection out west develops as it is trending
towards further development now but rather how far south it will
track. Thus at thus point will keep inherited pops in the forecast
through tonight. At the very least, the Bluegrass does seem to be
on target for some precip by 03z tonight.


.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Sunday night)
Issued at 319 PM EDT SAT JUL 22 2017

Outflow from convection last night has kicked off some convection
as it has crossed northern Kentucky this afternoon. A modest shear
gradient is over eastern Kentucky with modest unidirectional flow
in the north, to much weaker flow to the south. This will keep the
stronger storms in the north through this evening with more
isolated and weaker activity to the south. All of this should
gradually weaken into the evening as the outflow moves on

Focus will shift back to the north later this evening as a cold
front will focus additional convective development back to the
north tonight. This activity will likely evolve into an MCS as it
outflows to the south. This will carry any shower/storm activity
into northern Kentucky once again. Some uncertainty remains in the
track of any activity as initiation will play a big part on where
a potential MCS tracks. However, most of the CAMS have some
activity working into our area overnight into early Sunday
morning. With a moist boundary layer remaining, should some gusty
winds will remain possible with storms as they track south and

Tomorrow, the cold front will continue to make slow progress
southward across eastern Kentucky and will continue to be the
focus for additional shower and storm activity. What happens later
in the day may be impacted by how the morning MCS pans out and
what boundaries are left behind. However, we will keep the rain
chances going through the day and through tomorrow night with
better chances gradually shifting south with the front. Modest
shear will be place along the cold frontal zone and will aid in
the potential for a few severe storms with damaging winds
continuing to be the main threat. Overall, looks like a few
periods of wet weather will be possible over the next 36 hours.
With the increase in clouds and precipitation, temperatures may
stay a touch cooler tomorrow, but we may warm up between the
morning MCS and afternoon convection, with mid to upper 80s still
anticipated. This will keep heat index values in the 90s.

.LONG TERM...(Monday through Saturday)
Issued at 415 PM EDT SAT JUL 22 2017

A shortwave trough is expected to be moving from the Great Lakes
and Ohio Valley into the Northeast and Appalachians with an upper
level ridges remaining in place centered east of Bermuda and over
the Southern Plains to Four Corners regions. At the surface, a
cold front associated with low pressure moving across the
Northeast U.S. to start the period is expected to be gradually
working south and southeast into and across the area early in the
period, while high pressure is expected to be centered over the
Upper MS Valley.

The shortwave trough is expected to gradually rotate across the
northeast and across the Appalachians to the eastern seaboard on
Monday. Height rises should ensue from Monday night into midweek
as the axis of the ridge works toward and then across the area,
although as happened earlier this week, the center of the mid and
upper level ridge should remain to the west of the area in the
Plains states. Models diverge in the position, areal extent, and
magnitude of the ridge during the second half of the week with
differences with downstream troughing over eastern Canada to the
eastern Conus and shortwave troughs moving around the ridge. The
model agreement was better for both the 12Z ECMWF and 12Z compared
to 12 hours prior. Downstream of the western Conus ridging, an
upper level low and stronger shortwave trough as well as associated
sfc low pressure system will move across the Canadian Prairies
and across James Bay and into northern Quebec by the end of the

At the surface, high pressure should build into the area behind
the front later Monday into Monday night and usher in a somewhat
drier and colder airmass and bring some relief from the recent
heat. The boundary should stall south of the area. Behind the
front, temperatures will return to near normal with highs holding
in the 80s and lows dropping below 70 in all areas.

The high, however, should move east of the area by Wed into Wed
night, with the boundary lifting north as a warm front at midweek
and leading to an increase in humidity from Wednesday into
Friday. As has been the case with extended models for the past few
days, some uncertainty remains in timing of a cold front that
will begin to shear out during the second half of the week
associated with the upper low and low pressure system moving
across central to eastern Canada. This front should drop south of
the Great Lakes and to the OH River and recent trends indicate it
moving south across the area around Friday.

Isolated to scattered showers and thunderstorms are expected to
linger into early in the period, as the front moves through. With
the ridge building in or remaining in place across the area,
chances for convection should be generally diurnally driven and
more or less isolated in nature from Tuesday into Wednesday.
Tuesday and Wednesday could be end up dry in most locations, but
with the center of the ridge west of the area, the cap could be
broken in a few locations each day. More organized convection will
be possible during the second half of the week as the upper level
flow becomes more northwesterly and a stronger shortwave trough
and cold front approaches and moves into and across the Ohio


.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday evening)

Mainly VFR conditions will be seen through much of the period. The
question is whether the convection up to the northwest will trend
into the area. If this occurs, locations such as SYM, SJS and even
JKL may drop to MVFR or IFR. Have input this possibility into the
TAFs. SME and LOZ may very well remain VFR through the period if
convection does not make it that far south as there is enough
wind through the night to stunt fog development. Otherwise, expect
some gusty 20 knot winds tomorrow afternoon.




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